Plato's Ghost: The Modernist Transformation of Mathematics pdf epub fb2

Plato's Ghost: The Modernist Transformation of Mathematics by Jeremy Gray pdf epub fb2

Plato's Ghost: The Modernist Transformation of Mathematics Author: Jeremy Gray
Title: Plato's Ghost: The Modernist Transformation of Mathematics
ISBN: 0691136106
ISBN13: 978-0691136103
Other Formats: doc azw rtf mbr
Pages: 528 pages
Publisher: Princeton University Press; First Edition edition (September 22, 2008)
Language: English
Category: Science & Math
Size PDF version: 1330 kb
Size EPUB version: 1343 kb
Subcategory: Mathematics

Plato's Ghost is the first book to examine the development of mathematics from 1880 to 1920 as a modernist transformation similar to those in art, literature, and music. Jeremy Gray traces the growth of mathematical modernism from its roots in problem solving and theory to its interactions with physics, philosophy, theology, psychology, and ideas about real and artificial languages. He shows how mathematics was popularized, and explains how mathematical modernism not only gave expression to the work of mathematicians and the professional image they sought to create for themselves, but how modernism also introduced deeper and ultimately unanswerable questions.

Plato's Ghost evokes Yeats's lament that any claim to worldly perfection inevitably is proven wrong by the philosopher's ghost; Gray demonstrates how modernist mathematicians believed they had advanced further than anyone before them, only to make more profound mistakes. He tells for the first time the story of these ambitious and brilliant mathematicians, including Richard Dedekind, Henri Lebesgue, Henri Poincaré, and many others. He describes the lively debates surrounding novel objects, definitions, and proofs in mathematics arising from the use of naïve set theory and the revived axiomatic method--debates that spilled over into contemporary arguments in philosophy and the sciences and drove an upsurge of popular writing on mathematics. And he looks at mathematics after World War I, including the foundational crisis and mathematical Platonism.

Plato's Ghost is essential reading for mathematicians and historians, and will appeal to anyone interested in the development of modern mathematics.